A typical pediatric dental exam will have the dentist observing the general aspects of the child’s face and neck to see any unusual signs such as bumps or swelling, which can point to an unwanted dental problem or condition. The kids dentist Mississauga will check the kid’s mouth to look for cavities and other problems. He or she will also check if the kid’s brushing and flossing techniques are performed correctly. And based on the dentist’s findings on the kid’s teeth, the children’s dentist Mississauga will decide on the treatment plan specific to the child’s needs, which may include any of the following services:
Pediatric Office Cleaning
The child’s teeth will be checked for plaque which will be removed by using a rotating toothbrush or by flossing. The dentist will make sure that no plaque is left between the kid’s teeth as any build up of plaque or calculus can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. Fluoride treatment which may include application of fluoride foam, paint or solution to prevent cavities should be done twice a year to keep the child’s teeth and gums healthy.
Oral Hygiene Instructions for Children
In order to have healthy teeth, children must know proper oral hygiene activities at home. Children will be taught the correct way of brushing and flossing to remove plaque and food jammed between the child’s teeth. The pediatric dentist may provide the kid with instructions on how to take care of his or her teeth, including what foods should be avoided to keep the teeth healthy.
X-rays for Children
There are many health issues inside the mouth which are not visible just by looking. Most of the children’s dentist Mississauga may order X-rays to help identify all kinds of problems for both baby and permanent teeth. This way, the dentist can watch over their growth and find cavities that may not be seen by the normal eyes as well as gum and jaw bone problems. Only when the dentist recommend should a child be asked to have X-rays, to prevent unnecessary exposure to radiation.
Panoramic Dental X-rays
A panoramic x-ray may be required by the dentist to have a better view of the child’s mouth to have valuable information about the child’s nasal area, tooth positioning, maxillary sinuses, and gum / bone irregularities. Panoramic X-rays are done when a child’s 6th year molars erupt and once every 3 to 5 years after the 1st X-ray.
Children’s dentist Mississauga uses a dental sealant to provide 100% protection from tooth decay or cavities. A dental sealant is a plastic coating applied to the chewing surfaces of back teeth. It is also used to fill some depressions and grooves to prevent tooth decay. Research has shown that a dental sealant applied over a very minor dental decay will stop the decay from developing further.
Tooth Colored Fillings
Used to repair chipped or decayed tooth, tooth colored fillings are ideal for restoring the kids’ teeth. These fillings look more natural and are not distinguishable from the natural teeth. They are also compatible with sealants and they have the capability to bond with the tooth structure.
Primary Teeth Crowns
A dental crown is a tooth-shaped “cap” placed over a tooth to restore its shape and size, strength, and improve its appearance. The loss of primary teeth can leave space problems in the jaw. Dental crowns will save a tooth damaged by decay that putting fillings is not possible and protect the child’s teeth from decaying.
Stainless Steel Crowns
Stainless steel crowns are silver-colored crowns made specifically for primary teeth. Stainless steel crowns can retain even severely damaged teeth while maintaining the chewing function until the permanent teeth erupt.
Crowns for the front teeth are available in several types. With white acrylic facing, stainless steel crowns are very resistant and aesthetically appealing choice. Even by deep carious cavitations on anterior teeth or when root canal treatment for the primary teeth is necessary, white stainless steel crowns are the best choice.
These crowns are basically stainless steel crown with something white coating the front. It is used to restore front tooth.
These are tiny plastic pre-fabricated caps used to form the crown. Strip crowns are filled with composite and restore the remnant of the crown.
Pedo Jacket Crowns
This is a white plastic shell placed in a similar manner to the strip crowns. The outer shell may be removed like a strip crown or leave it on there as is the usual method.
Endodontic treatment involves the pulp of a tooth where the tooth nerve is contained. The pulp also contains blood vessels which give oxygen and nutrients to the tooth. An injury or infection to the pulp will require endodontic treatment to save the tooth. Endodontic treatment may be needed by a child if he feels tooth pain at anytime for unknown reason, has tooth sensitive to temperature changes or has broken tooth with exposed pulp.
Two kinds of endodontic treatment may be done on baby teeth – vital pulp therapy where the tooth’s pulp is removed from the crown of the tooth, but not from the root; and non-vital pulp therapy which is also called root canal treatment where the pulp is removed from both the crown and the root.
A pediatric dentist will extract the child’s decayed tooth where a root canal is not a possible option. A fractured tooth beyond repair may also be extracted. Overcrowding of teeth can also be a reason for extraction. If the child is getting braces, one or two teeth may need to be extracted to make room for shifting teeth.
Made of stainless steel or plastic, a space maintainer can be removable. Space maintainers cemented onto the teeth are called fixed space maintainers. Dentists use space maintainers if the primary tooth is lost before the coming out of the permanent tooth and if a permanent tooth is missing. The space maintainer keeps the space open until the permanent tooth comes out.
Also known as laughing gas, nitrous oxide is often used for children who manifest mild or moderate anxiety when they see a dentist or in a dental clinic. Nitrous oxide eases their fears and allows them to relax. When relaxed, children can receive treatment in a comfortable and safe manner.
Pediatric dentists use conscious sedation when a kid requires numerous dental treatments or has special needs. Depending on the dentist’s recommendation, conscious sedation may be given through inhalation of nitrous oxide or laughing gas, taking sedation pill or syrup, injection or intravenously. Conscious sedation can help the child to relax and become sleepy and respond to voices or stimulation without showing protective reflexes.