Like any part of the body, there are some things or facts about the teeth that are not quite clear to some individuals. Some of the most frequently asked questions about the teeth include:

What Causes Decay?

When plaque or the sticky substance that forms on teeth combines with starch and sugar from food eaten, is when tooth decay occurs. Acids produced from the combination process attack tooth enamel.

What is an Abscessed tooth?

This is an infection that includes swelling of the soft gum tissues surrounding the tooth and the presence of pus. This is usually caused by an opening in tooth enamel such as tooth cavity, where bacteria enters and infects the pulp of the tooth.

What is Tooth Sensitivity?

This is a common problem affecting millions of people. When pain or discomfort in the teeth from sweets, hot drinks, cold air, ice cream or cold drinks is experienced – this is tooth sensitivity. Even brushing and flossing can cause discomfort to sensitive teeth.

tooth infection visual

What is Gum Disease?

The two major stages of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the earlier stage which can be reversed and treated. Periodontitis, on the other hand is the more serious and advanced stage of gum disease. Poor oral hygiene is the common cause of periodontitis.

What are the symptoms of Gum Disease?

Some symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Frequent bad breath

  • Bite problems

  • Gums that are red and swollen and bleed easily

  • Teeth starts to loosen up

  • Gums separating from the teeth

  • Dentures that won’t fit

What are Gum and Bone Infections?

Gum and bone infections are caused by germs that collect around the film of your teeth, which is called plaque. Plaque can put you at higher risks for periodontal disease and gingivitis.

What are the different kinds of Gum & Bone Infections?

The different kinds of periodontal disease include:

  • Gingivitis. This is when the gum tissue becomes swollen but without pain or nay underlying bone or ligament damage.

  • Apical Periodontitis. This is when bone support at the end of the root is lost. This can be caused by a dead nerve within the root canal of the tooth.

  • Chronic Periodontitis. This is the gradual loss of bone and ligament support of the tooth. A pocket is created which is occupied by calculus and bacterial plaque.

  • Acute Periodontitis – a painful swelling of the gum tissue caused by bacteria that’s trapped below the gum line

What are Symptoms of Oral Cancer?

Symptoms of oral cancer include:

  • Persistent mouth sores or ulcers that do not heal within 3 weeks

  • Tissue overgrowth or a lump in the mouth

  • Gums, tongue or lining of the mouth with white or red patches

  • Chewing and swallowing problems

  • Difficulty in moving the jaw or tongue

  • Persistent sore throat

  • Hoarseness or chronic sore throat occurring more than 6 weeks

  • Swelling of the neck for more than 3 weeks

  • Unexplained tooth mobility that persists for more than 3 weeks

  • Tongue numbness including other areas of the mouth

  • Swollen jaw causing problems in fitting dentures

Do you have other questions about your teeth?